Report submitted by Togo

Four points in the national report deal with education (57 to 60) while Human Rights Education is one of the country's priorities as stated in point 107.

108. [...] • Continuation of educational activities and finalization of the national programme for civic training and education on human rights

7. Right to education and training

57. Article 35 of the Constitution sets out the principle of free and compulsory primary education for children up to the age of 15. This was previously referred to in executive order No. 16 of 6 May 1975 on the educational reform. The first stage of providing free education began in 2008 with the abolition of school fees for public preschools and primary schools under decree No. 2008-129/PR of 2 October 2008. This led to a 16 per cent rise in school enrolment rates, thereby bringing the net enrolment rate to 87.8 per cent.

58. To meet the challenge of achieving universal primary education by 2015 and thus reach MDG 3, in 2010 Togo adopted the education sector plan 2010–2020, with the triennial medium-term expenditure framework 2010–2012. Pursuant to this, the capacity of educational establishments was increased, more schools were created, new teachers were recruited and trained, and some educational establishments which had been set up as a result of local initiatives were transformed into public schools. The budget for primary school education was increased from 15,860,000,000 CFA francs in 2004 to 34,760,000,000 CFA francs in 2010. The secondary school budget was increased from 9,260,000,000 CFA francs in 2004 to 15,320,000,000 CFA francs in 2010.

59. Under outline act 2002-016 of 30 April 2002, the Ministry responsible for technical education and vocational training manages 18 centres for initial and in-service training. A number of secular and religious private schools also play a role in various training programmes. Despite the Government’s efforts to improve access to high-quality training, a shortage of technical resources and funds makes it impossible to fully meet the demand for training.

60. In terms of higher education, besides a few private establishments, which mainly offer courses leading to the advanced vocational training certificate, Togo boasts two public universities: the University of Lomé and the University of Kara. There has been a consistent rise in student numbers: in 2005, the University of Lomé had some 14,453 students, including 2,864 girls, and by 2010, enrolment had reached 41,342, including 9,958 girls, for a capacity of 15,000 places. Over this same period, the number of students at the University of Kara increased from 2,761 (including 366 girls) to 9,908 (including 1,848 girls) for a capacity of 5,500 places.

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