Report submitted by Honduras

Honduras has been reviewed at the 9th session of the Universal Periodic Review on november 4th 2010. The delegation was directed by the Vice President of the Republic of Honduras, María Antonieta Guillén de Bográn.

Excerpts of the national report (points 42 to 49 p. 8) on the right to education. References to Human Rights Education are green in the text

42. According to the Constitution, “education is an essential function of the State in conserving, promoting and disseminating culture, the benefits of which must be transmitted to society without discrimination of any kind; public education shall be secular and based on fundamental principles of democracy. It shall instil and promote in all students a deep feeling of Honduran patriotism and shall be directly connected with the country’s economic and social development process”.

43. The Ministry of Education is responsible for administering the national education system. A process of educational change and reform was launched in 2000 with the aim of ensuring that children and young people acquire the necessary basic skills; a national core curriculum with corresponding syllabus was devised, in order to ensure quality education with social and gender equity and allow the social and cultural development of communities. The National Core Curriculum includes human rights education with an emphasis on participatory democracy, which aims to provide an education based on ethical, moral and civic values, in a framework of equality, justice, interculturality and sex education.

44. As to higher education, the State universities such as the National Autonomous University of Honduras and the Francisco Morazán National Pedagogical University have introduced postgraduate programmes in human rights at the diploma and master’s levels.

45. Through the Ministry of Education, around 32.28 per cent of the national budget is invested in preschool, basic and lower secondary education, a relatively low figure by comparison with national demand.

46. The biggest effort is being made in primary education, where net coverage is 86 per cent of the population of primary school age; gross coverage is 99.25 per cent, however, which includes children under 7 and over 13. A large sector of the population has no access to primary education, particularly in rural areas.

47. Illiteracy remains a priority issue for the national education system. Various programmes have been implemented to eliminate illiteracy, including EDUCATODOS, the basic education support programme PRALEBAH, “El Maestro en Casa” (“A teacher in the home”), Telebásica and “Yo, sí puedo” (“Yes I can”). Non-governmental sectors also make a major contribution with educational programmes on radio and television to facilitate access to basic and lower secondary education in the areas most remote from schools, like those broadcast by the Institute of Radio Education. All these projects are supported by the Honduran Government.

48. In terms of progress in 2006–2010, there have been percentage gains in student numbers, in the establishment of schools across the country and in the creation of new teaching posts by the Ministry of Education. Comparative figures show that total student enrolment in 2006 at all levels was 2,054,612, while in 2009 total enrolment was 2,089,901, an increase of 10.17 per cent.