HRC Summary - Ukraine

The summary of information issued by the civil society mentions the right to education twice, concerning asylum-seekers, foreigners (7) as well as Roma people (9).

7. AI (Amnesty International) reported that asylum-seekers and foreigners living in Ukraine often suffer racist attacks from members of the public and are subjected to racist treatment at the hands of the police, including disproportionately frequent document checks. There are no government statistics for the number of racist crimes and most racist attacks are classified by the police as “hooliganism”. AI highlighted that Article 161 of the Criminal Code related to racially motivated crimes is flawed because if applies only to victims who are citizens. 16 UHHRU (Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union) also noted that reports of acts of violence against people from Africa, Asia and the Caucasus have become more frequent. Members of these groups claim that law enforcement officers constantly ignore, and sometimes even support, acts of violence against them. They are especially discriminated against at work, when renting accommodation, as well as when exercising their right to education. The Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights (CoE CHR) reported that anti-Semitic trends seem to be a worrying trend in Ukraine, and that there is a true risk of and anti-Semitic epidemic. AI recommended that the Government review legislation relating to racist crimes and ensure that law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges involved in enforcing the law relating to racist crimes fully understand the nature of such crimes.  The CoE CHR recommended that the Government reinforce efforts to forcefully combat racist, xenophobic and anti-Semitic behaviours and provide legal guarantees against discrimination of refugees on grounds of race, religion or country of origin.

9. UHHRU maintained that public attitudes to Roma remain negative, prejudice against them being more widespread than in relation to any other national minority. Roma face regular systemic discrimination in virtually all sectors, including access to personal documents, education, housing, health care, employment and social services. According to UHHRU, in comparison to other ethnic groups, the level of unemployment among Roma is, on average, the highest and their living conditions are the worst. School attendance figures for Roma children remain low. The CoE CHR recommended Ukraine develop programmes to ensure the social integration of Roma, notably through support of small-scale businesses, access to education and access to infrastructures.

Download OHCHR Summary of stakeholders’ information